Warblers Page 2

Northern Parula

The Northern Parula is a 4 ½ inch long bird. It is mostly blue in color with a yellow-green area on the back of the bird. It is yellow around the throat and breast area of the bird. Only the male Parula has an orange-brown band on the chest. In breeding season, the Northern Parula prefers to live in swampy areas. The rest of the year, they live in more widespread areas, such as orchards, parks, and yards. Northern Parulas look for trees that have plenty of Spanish moss hanging from them. Spanish moss is the main building component of the nest they build. It also serves as a way to hide the nest. The female Northern Parula lays 4 or 5 eggs in the nest. The diet of the Northern Parula mainly consists of insects. Northern Parulas are not a common sight in North Carolina.

Yellow Warbler

The Yellow Warbler grows to a length of between 4 ½ and 5 inches long. It is mostly yellow in color with a light olive green patch on the back of the bird. The male Yellow Warbler has rust red streaks along their back, the female does not. The Yellow Warbler is also the only yellow colored bird that has yellow spots on their tail instead of white. Yellow Warblers usually live along streams and swampy areas. Yellow Warblers place their nests in small trees. The nest is made out of grass and twigs. The female Yellow Warbler usually lays between 4 and 5 eggs in the nest. One common problem Yellow Warbler eggs have is being contaminated by cowbird eggs. Yellow Warblers eat flying insects. Yellow Warblers are seen around the Outer Banks August and September.

Chestnut-sided Warbler

The Chestnut-sided Warbler is 5 inches long. The bird has chestnut colored stripes running along the side of its body and yellow-green feathers on the top of the head. The belly of the bird is completely white. The Chestnut-side Warbler likes to live in newly planted forests. The nest of this particular bird is placed in a shrub and it is made out of twigs and grass. The female lays 4 eggs in the nest. Chestnut-sided Warblers feed on insects. Chestnut-sided Warblers are rarely seen in North Carolina.

Magnolia Warbler

The Magnolia Warbler is 5 inches long. The color of the bird is mostly yellow with dark black streaks on its body and face. It also has a white patch on the tail area and underneath the wings. Magnolia Warblers like to live in areas where there are many spruce and fir trees. When they migrate, they will live in any area where there are lots of trees or shrubbery. Magnolia Warblers build their nest in trees or shrubs. The female deposits 4 eggs in the nest built out of grass and twigs. Magnolia Warblers feed on insects and berries. Magnolia Warblers are only seen along the Outer Banks September and October.

Cape May Warbler

The Cape May Warbler is 5 inches long. The bird gets its name from the fact that it was first discovered in Cape May, NJ. The main coloring of the bird is yellow on the underside with a distinguishing chestnut colored patch on the cheek of the bird. The Male Cape May Warbler has a yellow patch on the throat and on the rump of the bird. They also have white patches under the wings. Cape May Warblers usually live in open Spruce forests. When the bird migrates, they usually live in forests mostly containing evergreen trees. They will also live in parks. The female Cape May Warbler lays 4 eggs in a nest constructed out of grass and twigs. Cape May Warblers feed on insects. The Cape May Warbler is a common sight September and October along the Outer Banks.

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Terms: The Birds of the Outer Banks: Warblers Page 2

The Birds of the Outer Banks;Warblers Page 2

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